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Issue
Eleven

Cancer

Cancer Statistics Worldwide and in Scotland ...…

Cancer

CANCER WORLDWIDE     (Source: WHO)

> there are more than 100 types of cancers

> cancer accounts for about eight million deaths every year – over 10 per cent of all deaths – and  this is expected to increase to about 12 million deaths by 2030

> the five most common types of cancer that kill men are (in order of frequency): lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus

> the five most common types of cancer that kill women are: breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical

> about 72 per cent of all cancer deaths in 2007 occurred in low- and middle-income countries

> the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 30 per cent of cancers can be prevented –  mainly by avoiding tobacco, having a healthy diet and being physically active – while a third could be cured if detected early and properly treated

> 20 per cent of all cancers are caused by a chronic infection – e.g. human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer, and hepatitis B virus (HBV), which causes liver cancer

CANCER IN SCOTLAND (Source: NHS)

> just over 28,600 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in 2008

> over 15,100 people died of cancer in 2009

> for males, the most common cancers are prostate, lung and colorectal

> for females, the most common cancers are breast, lung and colorectal – 56 per cent

> the main causes of death for both sexes are lung cancer (29% of cancer deaths in males, and 26% in females), followed by colectoral, prostate, oesophagus and stomach (males) and breast, colectoral, ovary and pancreas (females)



 

"Cancer ". Science Scotland (Issue Eleven)
Printed from http://www.sciencescotland.org/feature.php?id=133 on 27/04/17 03:51:36 PM

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