Skip to navigation Skip to content

Issue
Nine

The automotive industry

*  Before the recent economic recession, more than 70 million motor vehicles were sold every year round the world – bringing the total number on the road to over 800 million.  By 2030, this figure is expected to reach 1.3 billion vehicles and by 2050, the total will more than double again to three billion vehicles – mainly due to growth from emerging markets such as Brazil, Russia, India and China. …


*  Before the recent economic recession, more than 70 million motor vehicles were sold every year round the world – bringing the total number on the road to over 800 million.  By 2030, this figure is expected to reach 1.3 billion vehicles and by 2050, the total will more than double again to three billion vehicles – mainly due to growth from emerging markets such as Brazil, Russia, India and China.

*  In 2009, China became both the largest producer of automobiles (overtaking Japan) and the largest market in the world (overtaking the US).   Total output last year was 13.83 million vehicles (up from 9.34 million the previous year) while total sales were 13.64 million.  An estimated 50,000 companies in China make auto components. 

*  The UK automotive industry is the 13th largest in the world.  It employs about 800,000 people, but like many other more established producers, output has declined in recent years – down from about 1.8 million vehicles in 2000 to about one million cars and 120,000 commercial vehicles last year.  Total turnover in 2004 was just under £50 billion – more than 10 per cent of total manufacturing output. 

*  Market research firm Global Insight believes that HCCI will power nearly 40 per cent of heavy-duty vehicles by 2020.  Road transport is responsible for an estimated 26 per cent of UK carbon dioxide emissions, so if this turns out to be true, HCCI could help reduce total emissions from transport by over two per cent. 


 

 

"The automotive industry ". Science Scotland (Issue Nine)
Printed from http://www.sciencescotland.org/feature.php?id=70 on 29/05/17 03:05:35 AM

Science Scotland is a science & technology publication brought to you by The Royal Society of Edinburgh (www.rse.org.uk).