This issue of Science Scotland highlights several very different projects that promise to contribute to a more energy-friendly future and reduce CO2 emissions – in Scotland and beyond.…
This issue of Science Scotland highlights several very different projects that promise to contribute to a more energy-friendly future and reduce CO2 emissions – in Scotland and beyond.
In Food for thought we explore how advanced agriculture can help us to be more efficient and improve the yield from our plants and crops, and later, in Solar power to the people, we show how novel chemistry can help in the development of more efficient, lower-cost solar cells for use in Scotland as well as in developing countries.
In Built environmentalism and Constructive criticism, we address the use of energy in buildings, focusing on how to create new, more environmentally friendly designs and how to improve the energy efficiency of our existing stock of industrial and domestic buildings.
The next two articles focus on industry initiatives. Take-off for hydraulics power take-off describes how one Scottish company is developing novel hydraulic techniques, while On the road to success describes how another is designing a more fuel-efficient internal combustion engine. These two projects not only have the potential to have a major impact on vehicular transport (including cars as well as large construction equipment) but also promise to improve the cost and efficiency of wind turbines and other renewable energy systems.
Finally, in CCS: time for action and The business of science, we address the issue of how to generate electricity from our abundant coal resources in a more environmentally-friendly way by capturing the carbon content (i.e. the CO2) and storing it under the sea in depleted oil reservoirs. Despite many recent advances, we still face many challenges – for example, how to prevent any leakage and how to make the capture process itself more energy efficient – and both of these are very demanding research topics that have attracted significant government research funding to our Scottish Universities.
Professor Peter Grant, OBE, FRSE, FIET, FIEEE, FREng