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Issue
Nine

Towards a Greener Future

This issue of Science Scotland highlights several very different projects which promise to contribute to a more energy-friendly future and reduce CO2 emissions – in Scotland and beyond.  …

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ForewordFood for thoughtBuilt environmentalismConstructive criticismTake-off for hydraulics power take-offOn the road to success...How it worksSolar power to the peopleCCS: Time for actionThe business of science

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Foreword This issue of Science Scotland highlights several very different projects that promise to contribute to a more energy-friendly future and reduce CO2 e...


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Food for thought Climate change, a rising population and the need to produce “more for less” have put a lot of pressure on the food industry in countries a...


Joining forces In early 2011, SCRI will come together with the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute (MLURI), to “form a new powerhouse for research into food, ...


Did you know? Scientists at SCRI work on a wide range of projects, from breeding new varieties to doing research into climate change, plant diseases, pesticides and...


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Built environmentalism According to Professor Susan Roaf, the challenge to cut carbon dioxide emissions should start at home, with better architecture and engineering. ...


Did you know? The word ‘ecology’ is based on the Greek word oikos – house, home or building....


Climate crime? According to Professor Susan Roaf, the Burj Kallifa in Dubai is a “climate crime” which represents a backward step in modern architecture....


The Carbon Enlightenment The University of Heriot-Watt has been described as “the leading university in the UK for climate change research in the built environment,&rdqu...


Green agenda for buildings In the book Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change: A 21st Century Survival Guide,Susan Roaf and her co-authors David Crichton and Fergus Ni...


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Constructive criticism Should the UK be spending tens of billions of pounds in a new infrastructure to expand, clean and upgrade the electricity network or invest more money...


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Take-off for hydraulics power take-off Dramatic shifts away from renewables in government policy at the start of the 80s, the perception that hydraulics was a sunset industry, plus economic...


Digital Displacement Hydraulics: How it works The core component of a Digital Displacement system is a hydraulic piston pump/motor with actively controlled poppet valves connected to each ...


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On the road to success... The automotive industry is one of the biggest and toughest in the world, but David Tonery, the managing director of Oxy-Gen, is determined to prove th...


Best of both worlds The Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine is designed to reduce fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by 15-30 per cent, witho...


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How it works In a controlled auto-ignition (CAI) engine, a lean mixture of air and fuel is compressed to the point of auto-ignition.  Because there is no spar...


The automotive industry *  Before the recent economic recession, more than 70 million motor vehicles were sold every year round the world – bringing the total numb...


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Solar power to the people While many countries focus on the problems of reducing their emissions of carbon dioxide by switching to renewable energy sources, more than one billi...


How DSSC works Photovoltaic cells “harvest” the photons in sunlight and convert solar energy into electrical energy.  ...


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CCS: Time for action It is widely believed carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play a major role around the world in the bid to meet our future electricity demands at th...


Hot air? Conventional CCS uses three basic methods: pre-combustion (removing carbon dioxide from the fuel before burning), post-combustion (capturing the CO2 i...


The billion-pound question In 2007, the UK government launched a competition to stimulate development of CCS, with a prize of about £1 billion to help fund a commercial-sc...


The scale of the problem *  Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a process which separates, compresses and stores carbon dioxide in porous rocks or holes in the ground (e....


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The business of science Carbon capture and storage (CCS) may increase the total cost of generating power but it could also generate profits – at the same time as saving...


Is carbon storage safe? It would be impossible to store thousands of millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide in conventional tanks, but natural containers do exist – for e...


The three professors The University of Edinburgh (UoE) has made a major commitment to CCS research and recently recruited Professor John Gibbins to head up Power Plant Eng...


Biochar Biochar is a fine-grained, highly porous charcoal produced by burning agricultural waste (e.g.  biomass or straw from wheat, sugar cane and rice)...


 

Printed from http://www.sciencescotland.org/issue.php?id=16 on 29/04/17 02:32:10 AM

Science Scotland is a science & technology publication brought to you by The Royal Society of Edinburgh (www.rse.org.uk).